“TabulaRogeriana" by Al-Idrisi - Bibliotheque nationale de France (MSO Arabe 2221). Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons.
From the Nuzhat al-mushtāq fi’khtirāq al-āfāq (نزهة المشتاق في اختراق الآفاق), literally ”the book of pleasant journeys into faraway lands” (but often called by it’s Latin name Tabula Rogeriana) by Muhammad al-Idrisi, a world map.
Al Idrisi was born in Ceuta (now a Spanish exclave in Morocco), and travelled through Western Europe, Asia Minor, and North Africa as a teenager and young man. He constructed this atlas book in 1154 in Sicily, for the Norman king Roger II, who got a version as a solid silver disk, two metres across.
A zoomable version with transliterations is available here.
 North is down and East is right in this map.
 Dictionary of World Biography, Frank Northen Magill, ISBN 089356320X, 9780893563202